MANILA, Philippines – Jose Maria Sison, the founder of the Communist Party of the Philippines, died in a hospital Friday night after being locked up for two weeks. He turned 83 this year.
Sison is a former youth leader and university professor who started the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the New People’s Army. Since the late 1980s, he has been living in exile in the Netherlands. Also, it was often said that he had died. This time, the party on Saturday morning is telling the truth.
“The proletariat and working people of the Philippines mourn the death of their teacher and idol,” the CPP said in a statement on Saturday. They gave Sison “the highest honors,” calling him a great Marxist-Leninist-Maoist thinker, patriot, and “clear internationalist and revolutionary leader.” “
The CPP said, “While we mourn, we promise to keep doing our best to move the revolution forward based on the memory and teachings of the beloved Cachoma.”
On December 26, 1968, Sison set up the Communist Party of the Philippines. Its military branch, the New People’s Army, is in charge of the longest-running communist uprising in Asia.
In 1969, Sison started the Maoist Communist Party of the Philippines, which made him one of the most important people in Philippine politics. When the Anti-Subversion Act was passed in 1957, the CPP and anyone who was a part of it were made illegal. President Fidel Ramos, who was in office at the time, got rid of the law at the start of peace talks with the National Democratic Front about 40 years after it was passed (NDF).
Sison was one of the political prisoners that then-President Corazon Aquino freed in 1986, after the EDSA people power revolution toppled dictator Ferdinand Marcos. He then left Manila for a speaking tour in Asia and Europe, but he never stopped criticizing Aquino. While he was in the Netherlands, his passport was taken away by the Dutch government.
Sison has been a political refugee in the Netherlands since 1988.
In an interview with Newsbreak magazine in 2002, retired General Jose T. Almonte said that Sison asked him to tell Aquino that he would not come back to the Philippines and lead the revolution from abroad. “He asked me, Cory, out of courtesy, because she was the one who freed him.
Sison led one of the world’s longest-lasting uprisings He also played a key role in a bitter split in the early 1990s that split the communist movement into groups that were just shadows of what they used to be.
In a party document, he told cadres and guerrillas to go back to their roots and made fun of the NPA’s growing “military adventurism” from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s. This included attacks on high-profile government officials, military officers, and government agencies, such as the killing of US Colonel James Rowe in 1989.